There are many reasons why we need applications to start up when the Linux computer starts up. For instance, I have a server that hosts a small website, and since I don't have a lot of battery backup for it, I configured it to auto-boot back up with power and automatically start the server for me. This way, I can enjoy my life without having to put in a lot of work to maintain the server. In this post, we'll walk you through the steps to add a program to startup in Linux, whether your system uses an autostart directory or a startup script.
Identifying the Startup Process
The first step to adding a program to startup in Linux is to identify the startup process used by your system. Different Linux distributions may use different methods, but the two most common are an autostart directory or a startup script.
An autostart directory is a folder where you can place desktop files that contain information about the programs or applications you want to start up. The directory is usually located in the user's home directory, under ~/.config/autostart/.
A startup script is a file that contains a set of commands or instructions that are executed when the system starts up. The script is typically located in the /etc/init.d/ directory.
Locating the Autostart Directory
If your Linux system uses an autostart directory, the first step is to locate the directory. You can do this by opening your file manager and navigating to the following directory: ~/.config/autostart/.
If the directory doesn't exist, you can create it by opening the terminal and entering the following command:
Adding a Program to the Autostart Directory
Once you've located the autostart directory, the next step is to add your program or application to the directory. To do this, you need to create a new desktop file with a .desktop extension.
You can do this by opening a text editor and entering the following lines:
[Desktop Entry] Type=Application Name=My Program Exec=/path/to/my/program
Replace "My Program" with the name of your program and "/path/to/my/program" with the path to your program. For example, if you want to add the Firefox web browser to startup, the desktop file would look like this:
[Desktop Entry] Type=Application Name=Firefox Exec=/usr/bin/firefox
Save the file with a .desktop extension in the autostart directory you located earlier.
Adding a Program to the Startup Script
If your Linux system uses a startup script, the first step is to open the script with a text editor. You can do this by entering the following command in the terminal:
sudo nano /etc/init.d/startup.sh
Replace "startup.sh" with the name of your startup script.
Once you've opened the startup script, you can add your program or application to the script by entering the following line:
Make sure to replace "/path/to/my/program" with the path to your program. For example, if you want to add the Apache web server to startup, the line would look like this:
Save the changes to the startup script and exit the text editor.
Restarting Your Linux System
After adding your program or application to either the autostart directory or the startup script, the final step is to restart your Linux system to apply the changes. Once you've logged in, your program or application should start up automatically.
Configuring programs or applications to start up with the computer can save you time and effort in the long run, both of which are valuable. Whether your Linux system uses an autostart directory or a startup script, the process is simple and easy to follow.
By adding your favorite programs or applications to startup, you can ensure that they're always ready to use when you log in to your Linux system. So why not give it a try and see how much time you can save?